Is a nationwide HIV prevention program targeting sex workers, their clients and other most at-risk populations (MARPs). It is aimed at expanding HIV prevention services among sex workers and their clients. Wise Up is working to bring HIV prevention services to venues associated with transactional sex so that we can reach sex workers and their clients and address the underlying factors, like limited access to condoms and other information and services that go hand-in-hand with HIV transmission.
Behavioral Change Impact Survey
The survey provided information about female sex workers’ behaviors, risks, and exposure to DKT’s communication activities. Based on the findings of the survey, social marketing communication interventions will be designed to impact only those behavioral determinants known to positively influence consistent condom use among sex workers. The study took place in 17 Wise-UP program intervention areas namely: Addis Ababa, Assosa, Awassa, Bahir Dar, Dire Dawa, Gambella, Harar, Jijiga, Mekelle, Adama, Shashemane, Nekempt, Gonder, Logia, Dessie, Dukem, and Sodo towns.
Non Paying Clients “baulka” study report
Sex workers in Ethiopia report they use condoms with 99% of clients but only 65% with their steady partner or “balukas” (a common name for a sex worker’s husband or committed boyfriend). A number of statistical studies show clearly that sex workers reject recommendations to use condoms with their regular partners, in spite of high risk of HIV from frequent partner change and multiple concurrent relationships. The usual reason they give is that they “love and trust” their partners. But what does that mean? How is that decision reached? Are they truly safe? And if not, what can be done about it?
MARPs Project End Evaluation Report
The Most-At-Risk Populations (MARPS) project was funded by EngenderHealth Ethiopia and implemented by Timret Lehiwot Ethiopia and ISAPSO from 2008 to 2012. The project focused on HIV prevention among most vulnerable social groups in urban cities and HIV/AIDS hot spots. The goal was to decrease the risk of HIV and STI transmission among adults and young people involved in transactional sex
Sex Work in Ethiopia: Mapping the impact of law, policy and enforcement practices
The criminal law of Ethiopia prohibits soliciting for commercial sex, operating commercial sex venues, profiting from sex work, procuring, trafficking and the sexual exploitation of minors. However commercial sex involving both adults and minors takes place relatively openly throughout cities and towns and the criminal penalties are very rarely enforced. Occasionally sex workers are cleared from streets by police in particular areas of the capital but the laws about sex work do not provide the legal authority for this. Although it is difficult to fully understand the role of adult commercial sex in the Ethiopian HIV epidemic because little data is collected it is clear that many sex workers are living with HIV.
Wise Up Monitoring and Evaluation Manual
This M & E manual is also envisioned to contribute to the accomplishment of this particular task and allowing to continually define and understand the problem as circumstances and situations are always change\ing as a result of Wise Up’s and other stakeholders interventions and activities. In addition, this manual will ensure quality of service is assured and managed appropriately. In this regard, the concept of Total Quality Management (TQM) is adapted for Wise Up and its principles incorporated into this manual. Regardless, four key actions with sub-actions need to be Implemented to collect and transform data into information to define Wise Up project related problem. Based on the available data, it would also be possible to determine information gap as well as plan further data gathering activities.
Sex Workers, Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation in Ethiopia
This study addresses this dearth of policy guidance by providing empirical evidence and a corresponding set of policy recommendations at an international and national level to ensure that development programmes address poverty for all affected population groups, with a focus on sex work in Ethiopia